Canada is blessed with abundant natural beauty and natural resources. Its people are famously nice and polite. It is therefore a surprise to many in the U.S. that the recent debate on Kinder Morgan Inc.’s Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion project took a contentious turn, with emotionally charged protests taking place in Vancouver and Kinder Morgan’s management giving the Trudeau administration an ultimatum.

Heightened First Nations and environmental concerns have animated activists in British Columbia to oppose recent pipeline projects indiscriminately. Targeting pipeline projects is arguably a simple and effective strategy to put pressure on oil and gas development by pinching its outlet and forcing the cost curve up until they go out of business.