At the end of 2017, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) bought U.S. oil in the form of condensate. Remarkably, due to political complications, the UAE finds it more expedient to import from Texas than from its neighbors. The shipment originated from Enterprise Products Partners’ Houston terminal, but even before that, shipments previously moved through any number of MLP-owned pipelines, storage facilities and gathering systems.

While the UAE is a dramatic example, the U.S. has regularly been exporting oil to points as far away as the U.K. and China.